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Turnover: How electoral accountability disrupts the bureaucracy and service delivery

Electoral accountability is fundamental to representative democracy. Yet, it can also be costly for governance because it generates turnover among bureaucrats (not just politicians) and disrupts the delivery of public services. Previous studies on …

The benefits of patronage: How political appointments can enhance bureaucratic accountability and effectiveness

The political appointment of bureaucrats is typically seen as jeopardizing development by selecting worse types into the bureaucracy or by depressing bureaucratic effort. I argue that political appointments also affect outcomes through a third, less …

Political bureaucratic cycles: Public employment and service delivery around elections in Brazil

A vast literature has studied political cycles in economic outcomes and economic policy tools (political business and political budget cycles, respectively). I identify a related phenomenon - electoral cycles in the hiring and firing of bureaucrats …

Information, oversight, and compliance: A field experiment on horizontal accountability in Brazil

Does the provision of information about local bureaucracies to the politicians who oversee them decrease irregularities and improve bureaucratic effectiveness? Information interventions are appealing because of their solid microeconomic foundations …

Franchise reforms in the age of migration: Why do governments enfranchise noncitizens?

This article examines the enfranchisement of noncitizens and seeks to explain governments' decisions about whether to include or exclude them from the vote. By focusing on the incentives behind incumbents' decisions, the article argues that …